This manuscript summarizes the break-out session held on koala retrovirus (KoRV): Any risks of human infection? at the Koala Conservation Workshop: The koala and its retroviruses: implications for sustainability and survival held at San Diego Zoo, April 17–18, 2013. The goals of this break-out session were to discuss the zoonotic risk of koala retroviruses, the necessity to test human populations for exposure, and precautions to be taken to protect humans who transport or handle koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus). Currently there is no evidence to support the zoonotic potential of KoRV, and the necessity to test humans for KoRV infection needs to be further justified. We recommend strict compliance with standard precautions when handling animals.