The paper reviews the family Pheroliodidae (Plateremaeoidea) in Australia and a rediagnosis is given for the type genus, Pheroliodes. A monotypic genus Neonooliodes n.gen. is established for N. ceroplastes n.sp. Eight new Pheroliodes species are described: P. springthorpei n.sp., P. barringtonensis n.sp., P. concavus n.sp., P. lindsayae n.sp., P. lordhowensis n.sp., P. monteithi n.sp., P. sicarius n.sp. and P. transversus n.sp. Octoliodes robustus (Hunt & Lee) is recombined from Pheroliodes, a supplementary description and new records given, and a rediagnosis given for genus Octoliodes. A key is given for the 11 Australian species currently placed in the Pheroliodidae. Characters of special significance for the family are discussed. A key is presented for ten plateremaeoid genera represented in Australia.