Abstract

The archaeological record of Wallacea remains exceptionally fragmentary. This is especially the case for late Holocene human occupation of the region when lifestyle and culture in marginal island environments is relatively unknown. Here we report on the archaeology of Jareng Bori rockshelter, a Metal-Age site spanning c. 1800 cal. BP up to the late historic period and situated on the eastern coast of Pantar Island in the Lesser Sunda Islands of eastern Indonesia. We use osteoarchaeological (human and vertebrate remains), invertebrate zooarchaeological (crustacean and molluscan remains), technological (lithics, shell, and pottery) and chemical sourcing (obsidian and metal) datasets to discuss networking, migration, and human subsistence strategies during this recent period of history. While some communities were no doubt living in open village settlements where they were producing pottery, the data indicate that aspects of maritime life-ways continued much as in earlier Pleistocene settlements, with people using rockshelters like Jareng Bori to pursue a range of subsistence activities focused on the shoreline. Shellfishing of rocky and reef intertidal species and fishing for mostly small herbivorous and omnivorous fishes was practised, while domestic animals only appear in the late historic period. Wider regional cultural interactions and networking are epitomized by obsidian exchange, dental modification practices, and pottery decorations, while lithic analyses indicates continuity of stone tool technology up until recent times.

Hawkins, Stuart, Fayeza Shasliz Arumdhati, Mirani Litster, Tse Siang Lim, Gina Basile, Mathieu Leclerc, Christian Reepmeyer, Tim Ryan Maloney, Clara Boulanger, Julien Louys, Mahirta, Geoff Clark, Gendro Keling, Richard C. Willan, Pratiwi Yuwono, and Sue O’Connor. 2020. Metal-Age maritime culture at Jareng Bori rockshelter, Pantar Island, eastern Indonesia. In Papers in Honour of Ken Aplin, ed. Julien Louys, Sue O’Connor, and Kristofer M. Helgen. Records of the Australian Museum 72(5): 237–262.

 
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Bibliographic Data

Short Form
Hawkins et al., 2020. Rec. Aust. Mus. 72(5): 237–262
Author
Stuart Hawkins; Fayeza Shasliz Arumdhati; Mirani Litster; Tse Siang Lim; Gina Basile; Mathieu Leclerc; Christian Reepmeyer; Tim Ryan Maloney; Clara Boulanger; Julien Louys; Mahirta; Geoff Clark; Gendro Keling; Richard C. Willan; Pratiwi Yuwono; Sue O’Connor
Year
2020
Title
Metal-Age maritime culture at Jareng Bori rockshelter, Pantar Island, eastern Indonesia
Serial Title
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume
72
Issue
5
Start Page
237
End Page
262
DOI
10.3853/j.2201-4349.72.2020.1726
Language
en
Date Published
25 November 2020
Cover Date
25 November 2020
ISSN
ISSN 0067-1975 (print); ISSN 2201-4349 (online)
CODEN
RAUMAJ
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Subjects
ARCHAEOLOGY; INDONESIA; PALAEONTOLOGY; MAMMALIA
Digitized
25 November 2020
Available Online
25 November 2020
Reference Number
1726
EndNote
1726.enw
Title Page
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