This report redescribes the Russian brachiopod Podtsheremia prima Kalashnikov based on topotype material sent to the author by Dr. N. V. Kalashnikov. Podtsheremia australis n. sp. a new Carboniferous spiriferid brachiopod from eastern Australia is also described. Podtsheremia? thomasi Roberts and Podtsheremia? humilicostata Roberts are confirmed as belonging to the genus Podtsheremia.